TVDG LogoMost Commonly Used Ions

Many other ions can be produced if required. Due to the number of available ions we have to know, in advance, what ions and LETs you plan to use. Please use the Time Request fill-in form to let us know which ions you will be using.


In addition to the maximum energies, ranges and corresponding LETs listed below, lower energies are available for each ion. Charts for range and LET values as a function of energy can be seen by clicking on the links in the LET columns.

Flux can be in the range of 1 particle/cm2/sec
to greater than 1 106 particles/cm2/sec.

In Silicon
High LET Summary
Low LET Summary

In GaAs
High LET Summary
Low LET Summary

How To Use The Charts Below

 

Mass

Max
Energy

Surface
LET

Range

Surface
LET

Range

Z

Symbol

AMU

MeV

MeV
AMU

MeV
mg/cm
2

Microns

MeV
mg/cm
2

Microns

1

1H

1.0079

28.75

28.52

0.0153

4550

0.0118

2610

3

7Li

7.0160

57.2

8.15

0.369

390

0.273

240

5

11B

11.0093

85.5

7.77

1.08

206.13

0.754

132.55

6

12C

12.0000

99.6

8.30

1.46

180.43

1.03

115.82

8

16O

15.9994

128

8.00

2.61

137.78

1.83

88.9

9

19F

18.9954

142

7.48

3.51

118.88

2.45

77.12

12

24Mg

23.9927

161

6.71

6.01

84.16

4.17

55.13

14

28Si

28.0855

187

6.66

7.81

77.16

5.42

50.66

17

35Cl

34.9688

212

6.06

11.5

64.41

7.93

42.71

20

40Ca

39.9753

221

5.53

15.8

51.89

10.9

34.7

22

48Ti

47.9479

232

4.84

19.6

47.8

13.4

32.36

24

52Cr

51.9405

245

4.72

22.3

45.86

15.3

31.06

26

56Fe

55.9349

259

4.63

25.1

44.24

17.2

30.09

28

58Ni

57.9353

270

4.66

27.9

44.56

19.1

30.47

29

63Cu

62.9296

277

4.40

30.1

42.06

20.6

28.79

32

72Ge

71.9221

273

3.80

35.9

37.94

24.4

26.25

35

81Br

80.9163

287

3.55

41.3

37.50

28.0

26.11

41

93Nb

92.9060

300

3.23

47.5

36.32

32.1

25.4

47

107Ag

106.9051

313

2.93

59.2

32.48

39.9

22.89

53

127I

126.9045

322

2.54

66.9

32.54

45.0

23.17

79

197Au

196.9665

337

1.71

84.6

29.21

56.2

21.18


WebElements

Periodic table database contains links to data for the first 118 elements.

Chart

Of Ion Penetration Range vs Surface LET for typical ions.

Calculate LET and Range

In selected targets by choosing from a selected list of ions at energies you specify.

SEU Availability

For times the facility is available for SEU testing.

Calendar

To see the TVDG run schedule.

Time Request

Fill-in form to schedule beam time and let us know the ions and/or LETs you need.

Contact

How to reach us for technical assistance. We'll be glad to help.

TVDG Home Page

The TVDG Home Page.

Feedback

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Last Updated: 11:25 AM 10/7/04       ccarlson@bnl.gov
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